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Sports-Related Concussions & Subconcussive Injuries

Whether Mouth Guards Reduce Concussion Risk Unclear

Whether mouth guards prevent concussive brain injury remains unclear, says MomsTeam concussion expert, William P. Meehan, III, M.D.

Reducing Concussion Risk in Youth Soccer

While a 2010 study found no evidence that purposeful "heading" of a soccer ball leads to either short-term (acute) or cumulative brain damage, such as cognitive dysfunction, concussion experts nevertheless suggest that steps be taken to minimize the risk of concussive injury to youth soccer players, particularly younger players.

Glasgow Coma Scale Used In Evaluating Level of Consciousness, Not Concussion Severity

Emergency medicine provider use the 15-point Glasgow Coma Scale to determine level of consciousness based on responses to various stimuli.  Patients with suspected concussive injury are categorized  as having mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) if they score a 14-15 on on the GCS, but the scale is not useful in assessing the severity of concussion or how long recovery will take, so that the terms mTBI and concussion should not be used interchangeably, says William P. Meehan, III, MD, MomsTeam concussion medicine expert and author of Kids, Sports, and Concussions.

Youth Sports Concussion Safety Laws: Alabama

On June 9, 2011, Alabama governor Robert Bentley signed the state's youth sports concussion safety bill into law.  Alabama joins a growing group of states (twenty-five at last count) that have passed such a law since May 2009, when Washington State's groundbreaking Zackery Lystedt Law was enacted.

Youth Sports Concussion Safety Laws: Missouri

On July 13, 2011, Missouri governor Jay Nixon signed into law H.B. 300, 334, and 387, titled the "Interscholastic Youth Sports Brain Injury Prevention Act."   Missouri is the twenty-fifth state to enact strong youth sports concussion safety legislation since the Washington State's groundbreaking Zackery Lystedt Law was enacted in May 2009.

Effects of Concussion: Subtle Yet Prolonged For Those With Multiple Concussion History

Multiple concussions in high school athletes impair sustained attention and cognitive flexibility for a long period of time after the injury.  Youth athletes who have sustained two or more previous concussions but who do not report or demonstrate any physical, medical, or cognitive difficulties related to a history of concussion report significantly lower academic GPAs, and more concussion-related symptoms.

Academic Accommodations After Concussion: Neuropsychologists Play Important Role

The best way to develop a plan to address the academic accommodations a student-athlete will likely need as he or she recovers from a concussion is for your child's school to consult with a neuropsychologist, says MomsTeam expert sports concussion neuropsychologist, Rosemarie Scolaro Moser, Ph. D.

Baseline Scores On SCAT2 Concussion Test Vary By Youth Athlete's Gender and Concussion History, Says Study

Scores on a test commonly used to assess concussions on the sport sideline vary by an athlete's gender and concussion history, reports a new study.  Establishing an individual baseline for each youth athlete in contact and collision sports is therefore critical to proper management of a subsequent concussion and the timing for safe return to play.

Study Questions Reliability of Popular Concussion Measurement Tool

A computerized neuropsychological test commonly used to evaluate sports-related concussions misclassified up to 29 percent of healthy participants in a recent test by a University of Texas at Arlington kinesiology researcher.
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